Delta T 50° and Delta T 60° - What's the Difference?
Delta T, also written Δt, represents the difference between two temperatures - e.g. between a radiator and a room, and is used as a means of stating a room's heating requirement, and radiator output.
Most radiator sellers show radiator output in terms of Δt50°. This is because Δt50° is the current European testing standard for modern boilers such as condensation boilers which have lower flow and return temperatures than older boiler systems which use ΔT 60°.
So, in order to avoid radiators being incorrectly sized, it is important to know the heating system's temperatures and take them into consideration. It is also extremely important when calculating your rooms' requirements to know what basis you are using - for example, if your calculation is based on ΔT 50° and you choose radiators whose output is based on ΔT 60°, then the output of your radiators will be too low.
Meaning of Delta 50 (75/65/20)
Delta 50° (75/65/20) - with Delta T of 50°C, means 75°C inlet water temperature, 65°C outlet water temperature and 20°C of room temperature. The
average water temperature in this example is 70°C (i.e. 75° plus 65°, divided by 2). If we
then take the 20°C room temperature we are left with a temperature
differential of 50°C or Δt 50°. This is a typical scenario.
So, when comparing radiator outputs and prices be sure to check which ΔT is being quoted. You can use the following table to compare radiator outputs:
|ΔT at 60°C||Conversion Factor||ΔT at 50°C||Conversion Factor|
Example: Let's assume we have a radiator that gives 2000 Watts at ΔT (delta T) = 60°. At ΔT (delta T) = 40°, the output would be 2000 x 0.599 (from the table above) = 1198 Watts, At ΔT (delta T) = 20°, the output would be just (2000 x 0.256) = 512 Watts.
reason to use Δt at 70°C is for "marketing purposes". (In other words, to
make a particular manufacturer's radiators look to have a far better
output than others .... )
So - please MAKE SURE you are clear about how a room's heating requirement is calculated AND how radiator output is shown on any supplier's website, and feel free to call us if you need any assistance.
All radiators on our website are shown at Δt 50°C to help ensure that any radiator we supply will be Fit for Purpose.